Source: Gary BrockWood County farmer Ben Frobose asks Speaker of the House Paul Ryan a question during the Farmers’ Trip to Washington March 13-15 sponsored by the Ohio Farm Bureau.
By Gary Brock
WASHINGTON D.C. — On the final day of his trip to Washington D.C., Wood County farmer Benjamin Frobose had the chance to ask a question of one of the nation’s most powerful leaders — Speaker of the House Paul Ryan.
Frobose was among 73 Ohio farmers who went to Washington D.C. March 13-15. The trip, sponsored by the Ohio Farm Bureau, was the 71st time Ohio Farm Bureau county presidents or designates from across Ohio have traveled to Washington D.C. to lobby elected and appointed officials on issues they feel are important to Ohio farmers.
Two issues dominated the three days of meetings and discussion – one very expected but the other a surprise. One was the impact of trade on Ohio farmers and the risks they face. This issue has been on every Ohio farmer’s mind since the new administration took power and President Trump signed an executive order overturning the Trans Pacific Partnership. But the other issue was much closer to home – the epidemic of opioid addition claiming the lives of many in rural Ohio.
Over the three days, Frobose met with an array of Washington D.C. “movers and shakers” including Speaker Ryan, Ohio Senators Sherrod Brown and Rob Portman, former Ohio State University trade expert Matt Roberts, a trade representative with the government of Mexico, Agriculture Committee member Bob Gibbs of Ohio, and his U.S. congressman, Bob Latta.
It was on the final day of the trip during the Congressional Forum that Frobose had his chance to raise his voice about health care.
Speaker Ryan told the Ohio farmers that there are three issues on the agenda in Washington, and the first is the repeal and replacement of Obamacare, the Affordable Care Act.
“Obamacare is a terrible law, and it is collapsing under its own weight; increase in costs, increase in premiums. We have a plan to repeal and replace,” he said. “This is unprecedented, and that is why there is such anxiety. The expansion of plans (under the proposed Care Act) will help farmers to get their own insurance from groups like the Farm Bureau.”
Ryan said the next item on the agenda is tax reform. He said Congress plans to reduce the tax rate and abolish the estate tax. “We want you to be able to pass on your farm, for your family to see their dreams of remaining on the farm.”
He said the third issue is passage of the 2018 Farm Bill. “We have a lot going on.”
He urged the farmers to be vocal. “Share your ideas, tell your stories and share your concerns.”
After this, he asked for questions from the farmers.
Frobose went first. “Since 2010, so many Republicans have been elected on the premise of repealing the Affordable Care Act,” he told the Speaker. “Now that we have the ability to do that, how are the Republicans going to make it better than it is now? Can it be made better?” Frobose asked.
“The law can be made better by getting rid of it and replacing it with a better law,” Ryan answered. “We have been talking repeal and replace since 2010. But we cannot just go back to the way it was before, because Obamacare abolished all of that. Obamacare federalized the regulation of health insurance. Obamacare destroyed the state high risk pools like we had in Wisconsin,” he pointed out.
“There is a three part process we have here. We want people who buy their own insurance to have a tax benefit. We want to go back to health risk pools at the state level. Then let the states go back to setting up their own free marketplace insurance. We have five states now with only one insurer,” Ryan said.
“More than a thousand counties in America have only one health insurer left. This system is dying and collapsing, and we need to replace it. This is the promise we made. We looked you in the eye and promised this to you,” Ryan finished. Because he had to return to the House floor, Frobose’s question was the only one asked of the Speaker. But there were plenty of other issues raised over the three days.
On the issue of trade, which is vital in Ohio with millions of tons of Ohio agriculture products going to countries such as Mexico, China, Japan and Canada, the Ohio farmers heard first from former Ohio State University agriculture economist Matt Roberts, who expressed concern about the possibility of tough times ahead with China.
Roberts said that if we do have an actual trade war break out, we will see tariffs, “that is normal. We talk about a trade war, it is not normally an oil embargo or a grain embargo. It is normally a 10 percent tariff, or it is a 15 percent tariff. The problem with this is that most of these products, we are competing in a world market to supply them. So if there is a 10 percent embargo imposed against us and not against Brazil, that means we have got to meet that price to get China’s business,” he pointed out.
“I think that should be terrifying to the agriculture community.”
He said that for the first time, “I see us in agriculture at serious political risk. I see us with significant trade impediments. I am not a trade specialist, but you don’t have to be to understand a trade war. When these trade wars break out, countries target sensitive crops to retaliate against.
“To me, soybeans make a very attractive target. The thought is China can’t stop buying soybeans, but they don’t need to … they can place a tariff on them and then we are competing against Brazilian soybeans. We would have an additional tax that they don’t. History shows that for the first few years producers would eat that additional tax,” he said.
“I hope cooler heads will prevail, but this is where we are at. These are public negotiating tactics. Hopefully that is all we are seeing.”
NOTE: To see complete report on Matt Roberts’ comments on trade and the ag economy, see additional article in this edition.
In talking with the farmers, Sen. Rob Portman pointed out that the United States has trade agreements with about 10 percent of the world. “The countries we do have trade agreements with are about 10 percent of the world’s GDP. We don’t have trade agreements with China or Japan. Yet, we send 47 percent of our exports to that 10 percent of the world.”
He said that with the rest of the world combined, we have a substantial trade deficit — more than $500 billion. “We have the opportunity to expand exports that are good trade agreements. With bad trade agreements, obviously we shouldn’t sign them. We have got to be very careful not to say that the problem with trade deficits is trade agreements. The biggest deficit we have is with China, and we don’t have a trade agreement them.”
With trade agreements we have the opportunity to open the markets more, he added. That is part of the current debate in Washington. “Particularly in Ohio we need to maintain a level playing field in trade.”
Sen. Sherrod Brown said he knew a lot of farm groups were not happy about President Trump pulling out of the Trans Pacific Partnership trade deal. But he has publicly supported this action.
“I look to the new trade representative to enforce trade laws, understanding that good trade policy with good enforcement means we can sell our goods overseas and it is a level playing field,” he told the Ohio farmers. “We will see steel, for instance, one of the most important industries in Ohio, treated fairly internationally because China will not have to cheat and subsidize their steal and sell into our market. The right trade representative with the right sensitivities and sensibilities to being good for rural America.”
Problems back in rural Ohio
The problem of drug addiction in rural Ohio wasn’t intended as a major topic for the Ohio farmers while they were in Washington, but it came up repeatedly. Both Ohio senators were worried that treatment funding through Medicaid and Obamacare could be cut.
Brown pointed out that the Sunday before the Washington D.C. meetings, the New York Times ran a lengthy article about a Clinton/Clermont County family where two members had died from a drug overdose.
“Ohio is first in the nation in opioid deaths. It is something we have got to get way more serious about,” Brown said.
“Senator Portman and Gov. Kasich have joined on the Affordable Care Act – the one thing they have joined me on in this is making sure that the 700,000 in Ohio receiving treatment through the Affordable Care Act continue to receive treatment. These are people making 8-10 an hour and do not have insurance. But 200,000 people who have insurance through the Affordable Care Act are getting treatment because they have the insurance,” Brown said.
“We have got to make sure we can scale up our treatment centers. There are not enough centers. There are waiting lists at the treatment centers.”
NOTE: For expanded coverage, see additional article on this topic in this month’s Rural Life Today.
Portman said the expanded Medicaid coverage helps those in treatment, “and without it they would have no other options. The last thing we want is to have less treatment in Ohio.”
Portman added that, “I can almost assure that in your county that if you talk to law enforcement they will tell you that this is the number one cause of crime in your county. Theft, fraud, shoplifting and robbery … people are trying to pay for their habit. It is the number one cause of crime in Ohio.”
He said Ohioans have to deal with this issue. “We have to get our young people to have a different frame of mind about this It is in every zip code and every age group. It is a very sad issue. It tears our families apart. We have our work cut out for us. It is such a tragic situation.”
Gary Brock is editor of Civitas Media’s monthly farming/agriculture publication Rural Life Today. He can be reached at 937-556-5759.